Efficient communication resorts to some use of specialist words and phrases. Aspiring to effective communication too, we explain those words and phrases right here so everyone can join the party.
A next-generation social media network powered by the Ethereum world computer and embedded into the Inter-Planetary File System (IPFS).
The cryptography community started to use these names (A, B and C) in the 1970s to explain their designs. Now the tech community uses the names more widely for greater clarity than say user1, user2 and user3.
The opposite of a rivalrous good. When more people share an anti- rivalrous good, each person gets the more utility / benefit.
The closest translation to the French word ' agencement ' means putting together, arranging. It’s important to consider the act rather than any static result.
Confirming the truth of some piece of data or information claimed to be true. In the context of identity , authentication is the process of actually confirming that the person claiming to be Alice is indeed Alice .
Metrics related to human characteristics. Biometric authentication may allow Alice to access her device with her fingerprint for example. Biometrics may also help identify individuals under surveillance , for example with facial recognition.
Bitcoin is the world's first cryptocurrency . It is also the name of the underlying system, the world's first application of blockchain technology.
A system with one (or very few) central components through which information flows with a corresponding concentration of control.
A consistency; more of a unified whole. Often then regarded as being in tension with decentralization and system responsiveness, although other system parameters can ease the trade-off.
A shared or group intelligence that emerges from the collaboration , collective efforts, and competition of many individuals.
When individuals demonstrate thought processes and behaviours that are only manifest in social situations, and the emergence of mental states at that group level that aren’t reducible to the individual states of individuals.
A group decision-making process in which group members develop, and agree to support a decision in the best interest of the whole. It represents a broadly acceptable resolution.
Any freely given, specific, informed and unambiguous indication of the subject's wishes by which he or she deliberately indicates agreement.
A way to store information so it can be retrieved based on its content (what it is) rather than, as is most common today, its location (where it is).
A necessary and sufficient set of rules for the technological facilitation of conversation towards the more frequent creation of insights.
A cybernetic and dialectic framework developed by Gordon Pask that offers a scientific theory to explain how interactions lead to "construction of knowledge " or "knowing".
Neither surveillance (watching 'from above') or sousveillance (watching 'from below'), but watching side-to-side. Generates an awareness of the disempowering nature of surveillance .
A digital form of money that relies on cryptography . Most everyday money is fiat money, which means it's established by government regulation or law, whereas a cryptocurrency does not depend on either.
The construction and analysis of methods that prevent anyone other than the intended recipient(s) from reading private messages.
D.R.Y. ( Don't Repeat Yourself ) is a principle aimed at reducing repetition to avoid redundancy. The D.R.Y. principle is stated as "Every piece of knowledge must have a single, unambiguous, authoritative representation within a system”.
An organization represented by rules encoded as a computer program that is transparent, controlled by stakeholders and not influenced by a central government.
An application with code that runs on a decentralized network. They may be entirely anonymous or require some reputational assessment of the nodes running the code.
Individual, separate, objective facts representing the properties of objects and events. Computers work with data , but humans do not so readily.
The relationship between the collection and dissemination of data , technology, the public expectation of privacy , and the legal and political issues surrounding them.
A system that doesn't have central components through which information flows, thereby avoiding a concentration of control. Extreme decentralization is sometimes referred to as fully distributed .
The specific design of interactive systems to enable more productive, insightful conversations.
Decentralization is a system that doesn't have central components through which information flows, thereby avoiding a concentration of control. Extreme decentralization is sometimes referred to as fully distributed .
As media based on Conversation Protocol emerges, we progress from the information age to the conversation age and an economy based on conversational insights.
A grouping of computing or network providers agreeing upon standards of operation collectively. This may allow different systems to work differently but so they can still work together.
In the gift of government or similar authority. Corresponds to an identified subject rather than an identifying subject.
Philosophically, identity asks "What makes it true that you are you?" We deal here with digital identity – information on a person, organization, application, device or other 'thing', that describes it uniquely.
Processed data , data made useful, data made relevant. Computers work with data . Humans work more easily with information .
The result of productive conversation leading to solutions to problems. A necessary precursor to creating new economic potential.
The global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocols to link devices. The Web runs 'on top of' the Internet .
Keep it simple, stupid ( KISS ) is a design principle which states that designs and/or systems should be as simple as possible. Wherever possible, complexity should be avoided in a system—as simplicity guarantees the greatest levels of user acceptance and interaction.
A field of artificial intelligence ( AI ) that uses statistical techniques to give computer systems the ability to "learn" (e.g. progressively improve performance)
Passed between software for its own purposes, or for the purposes of one human conveying something to another.
States the effect of a telecommunications network is proportional to the square of the number of connected users of the system.
An emphasis on transparency and free, unrestricted access to knowledge and information , and also collaborative or cooperative management and decision-making rather than a central authority.
Open source software (OSS) means that the source code (the code humans write before it's converted into code a computing device runs) is freely licensed to those who need to change it.
A distributed architecture that regards all the things (peers) involved to have equal status and equal power of participation in the network. Such design may entail the peers sharing out tasks between themselves.
Agency refers not to the intentions people have in doing things but to their capability of doing those things in the first place.
Any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person – one who can be identified, directly or indirectly, by reference to a name, an identification number, location data , or other identifier, or to factors specific to the physical, physiological, genetic, mental, economic, cultural or social identity of that person. [GDPR]
Processes that restore, renew or revitalize their own sources of energy and materials, creating sustainable systems that integrate the needs of society with the integrity of nature.
Allows a person or other entity to identify itself, maintaining complete autonomy over the means of identifying, and the basis for that identifying e.g. based on who you know, or one's contextual behaviour.
Any technology designed to serve the needs of one person / entity identifying with self-sovereign identity .
(Dynamic Governance in N. America.) A social ideal that values equality and the rights of people to decide the conditions under which they live and work, and a method of organizing collaborative and productive organizations.
Allows the identifying subject the psychological and sociological freedom to establish, maintain, and dispose of multiple (digital) identities.
Purposeful monitoring (recording and transmission) by an entity not in a position of authority with respect to the intended subject. Typified by so-called 'body cams'.
The monitoring of behavior, activities, or other changing information for the purpose of influencing, managing, directing, or protecting people.
A term used and popularized by Shoshana Zuboff to describe a new type of capitalism that profits from data acquired through surveillance .
Stores the public and private keys which can be used to receive or spend a cryptocurrency . Come in a variety of forms.
Difficult or impossible to solve because of incomplete, contradictory, and changing requirements. "Super wicked" when time is running out, there's no central authority, and policies discount the future irrationally.